Written in front
This is a young city. The company is engaged in the establishment of the city. Established in 1981, Jinchang City is known as the “China Nickel Capital” for its nickel production. After more than 30 years, nickel has turned into a flower city.
This is an old place. Hexi Corridor Town, the famous city of Silk Road. The broken wall of the ruins of the Triangle City can be touched by the pre-Qin period. The winding and winding Yushan Gorge, with its famous silk roads and historical sites, traverses the Han and Ming Great Walls in Yongchang County, vicissitudes of time; the bell tower that stands still, witnesses the historical changes of Yongchang.
On the 6th, Jinchang measured the footsteps, walked through the snow-capped mountains and grasslands, walked through the Gobi and the desert, walked through the fields and cities, and slowly, the civilization left on the Silk Road.
Food in Jinchang
In Jinchang, it is not a dream, but a food, that wakes you up every day. Grilled lamb chops, clams, chicken rolls, mutton rolls… those that are named after the name, suck every dayLead us, use the tip of the tongue to understand Jinchang.
Grilled lamb chops, Jinchang’s mutton, is notoriously delicious. There is a mutton street in Jinchang. Local people from outside will come here to eat. There are many kinds of mutton practice, clear water lamb chops, sassafras lamb chops… my favorite is the shabu-shabu lamb chops, grilled lamb chops, the outer Jiao Li Nen, no smell, in the Jinchang eight days, every day, not stopping, also Not tired of eating.
Potato sweet balls, this is the most unsuccessful snack outside the mutton, the potatoes are made into mashed potatoes, and the sugar is added into the meatballs. After the pot is fried, it is topped with sugar water, sweet and soft, and some are still The stuffing on the bread in the meatballs, with the floral fragrance of roses. The food that Yongchang people used to eat during the holiday season is now easy to taste.
Mashed dumplings, very magical dumplings, with artichokes, sesame and selected mutton as the main ingredients, the skin is thin and stuffy, and the flavor is thick.
Jinchang’s mutton street, chicken street, there are many special restaurants, although the price is not cheaper than the big city, but the taste is enough to retain the hearts of the people. The Yongchang old restaurant in Yongli County is strongly recommended by the local guides. It is also the hotel that has been brushed by the trip. For the locals, it is the memory. For us, it is the most convenient window to understand Yongchang specialties.
Stay in Jinchang
Although Jinchang is not a traditional tourist destination, whether it is Jinchuan District or Yongchang County, the hotel has a large selectivity, which can meet the needs of different levels of accommodation.
This time, Jinchang Hotel is located in Jinchuan Hotel, which is located in Xinhua East Road, the center of the city. It has convenient transportation and more than 300 rooms. The hotel has a long opening time and is a three-star hotel. It is the iconic hotel of Jinchang. The hotel is simple and clean, the rooms are spacious and bright, clean and tidy.
Jinchang Gansu Province, the eastern section of the Hexi Corridor, the northern foot of the Qilian Mountains, the southern edge of the Alashan platform, is the important town of the ancient Silk Road. Although there is no convenient metropolis in the northwest, Jinchang Transportation can basically meet the travel needs. Jinchang Airport carries out round-trip flights between Beijing Nanyuan, Shanghai Pudong, Chengdu and Xi’an. Other cities can fly to Lanzhou and then from Lanzhou to Jinchang. Jinchang’s high-speed rail is in the planning and construction, and it will be more convenient after its completion.
Jinchangdi is a big thing, after landing in Jinchang, it is recommended to drive or rent a car. You can stop and stop and capture the scenery.
Jinchang National Mine Park
Jinchuan Science and Technology Museum
Triangle City Ruins
Yongchang Clock Tower
Defence War Memorial
Yushan Shengrong Temple
Hamming Great Wall
Xi Dahe Scenic Area
Danba Jilin Desert
The ruins of the Triangle City, looking back at the wall for thousands of years
The ruins of the Triangle City, the earliest and only pre-Qin Dynasty city site in the Hexi area, the site surrounded by crops, with a touch of loess and a piece of pottery, telling the memory of more than 2,000 years ago. Standing in front of the broken wall, touching the thick loess, blowing the wind in the northwest, looking back at the distant pre-Qin period.
The Triangle City site is located in Sanjiao Village, Shuangwan Town, Jinchuan District. The site was discovered by the Swedish archaeologist Anderson in 1924. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology has carried out archaeological excavations on several occasions, including four tombs, city sites, as well as the site, acupoints, and ritual pits. It covers an area of 4.3 million square meters and has more than 3,000 pieces of cultural relics such as stoneware, pottery, bronze, gold, iron, bone, mahogany and shellfish.
The Triangle City Site is the only officially excavated site in the Hexi area of Gansu Province. The excavated objects are exquisite and unique, the cultural accumulation layer is deep, and the continuation time is long. It belongs to the bronze age manhole cultural relic, and it is the Zhou Dynasty (or Wusun) from the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Warring States Period. The large-scale settlements built by the nation are a treasure trove of understanding the historical connotations of the northern nomads in the pre-Qin period.
The ruins of the Triangle City have no special protection. After thousands of years of sun and wind, the dust is sealed between the fields. It stands on this land, simple and primitive, exudes an ancient taste.
Purple Golden Flower City, reborn in Nickel
Nickel Jinchang, Jinchuan Nickel Mine, the older generation of mining pioneers after more than half a century of mining, has created a valuable asset in the history of China’s mining development. In Jinchuan Science and Technology Museum, walk into the glory of Nickel Jinchang. Jinchuan Science and Technology Museum is located in Jinchuan Science and Technology Plaza. From the periodic table of elements, the ore sculpture to the complete process, the magic of “point stone into gold” is displayed here, and here, explore the magical charm of the modern non-ferrous metal industry.
Nickel Jinchang has left many mining relics, and it has left behind sharp environmental problems. It is extremely urgent to restore the mine ecological environment. Jinchuan National Mine Park, when the open pit old pit and the waste residue mountain Nirvana reborn, it became a mountain-type mine park with the characteristics of the Great North Gobi Industrial New City.
Jinchuan National Mine Park is located in the north slope of the Longshou Mountain Range in the southwest of Jinchang City, Gansu Province. It was built in 2009 to build an open-pit mining waste around Longshou Mountain. In the mining exhibition area, there are open pit old pits and open-pit mining equipment. Yamashita steam locomotives, dump trucks, down-hole drilling rigs, excavators and other mechanical equipment echo each other, demonstrating the historical changes of Jinchuan mining. The mountain green restoration area covers an area of 1 million square meters and plays a role in treating waste and repairing the ecological environment.
Once the ruins of the next door, put on green clothes, reached a settlement with the city, Nickel Jinchang, and quietly changed his business card. In the past, nickel has become a flower city in today, with a purple dream. Zijinhuacheng, located in Jinchang City, east to Longkou Mountain, Shuangwan Town, Jinchuan District, west to Longshou Mountain, south to Ningyuanbao Town, Jiudun Bay, north to Badain Jilin Desert, Zijinhuacheng Grand Scenic Area including Zijin Square, Jinchuan 11 scenic spots such as National Mine Park, Jinchuan Park and Triangle City Archaeological Site Park are the core scenic spots for the development of eco-tourism in Jinchang City.
Come out from Jinchuan National Mine Park and come to Zijin Garden. The park is a public, open space, with lavender, verbena and other purple gold vanilla plants as the main body. Blooming flowers, which are the most common sights in many cities in China, can bloom in a purple flower city in the Gobi in the northwest, but it is a rare dream.
Zijin Garden is splendid, Jinchuan Park, but it is the most ordinary life of Jinchang people. In the morning, before going to Yongchang, I came to Jinchuan Park and walked into the life of Jinchang people in the green space. Square dance, sword dance, Tai Chi, fitness, a new day, old peopleLeisurely open. Time is here to stay, and we are rushing.
Yongchang Bell Tower, witnessing changes in the town
Located in the eastern part of the Hexi Corridor, Yongchang is a major town on the Silk Road, the main thoroughfare of Han and Tang. When I came to Yongchang, the Bell and Drum Tower was a landmark building that could not be circumvented. Yongchang Bell and Drum Tower, also known as Shengjiao Building, is located at the intersection of the 4th Street in Yongchang County. It was built in the fifteen years of Ming Wanli. It is nearly 400 years old. The entire building structure is rigorous and majestic. It is an important ancient building in the Hexi Corridor. First, witness the historical changes of Yongchang for thousands of years.
Yongchang is a multi-ethnic city. Yongchang Bell and Drum Tower has the architectural style of multi-ethnic culture such as Mongolian, Han and Party. From the perspective of artistic modeling, the shape is composed of three elements: roof, wooden frame and platform. It follows the practice of the Han Dynasty. From the perspective of the layout, the Bell and Drum Tower is located in the middle of the city, and it is in charge of the city’s work schedule and night ban. It is the system of the Yuan Dynasty and the layout of Mongolian architecture. From the perspective of architectural form, the dome-shaped roof is one of the common shapes of the Yuan Dynasty. In the early Ming Dynasty, the palace of the Yuan Dynasty was mostly demolished, but the Yongchang Bell and Drum Tower has Mongolia. The style of Baoding, which has no precedent in the ancient buildings of China.
The morning bells and drums, the sound of the four, today’s bell and drum tower, experienced hundreds of years of vicissitudes, without the role of the year, but already imprinted in the blood of Yongchang people, become the indelible mark of Yongchang, become the symbol of Yongchang human history .
Yushan Canyon, in the Silk Road to pick up the civilization
Geography is a narrow strip between Qilian Mountain and Longshou Mountain called the Hexi Corridor. This corridor is a cultural blend of the Silk Road and an important cultural gathering place. The throat of the North Road of the Silk Road of Han and Tang Dynasties, the Yushan Gorge of the mountains of Longshou Mountain, and more than 10 kilometers, slowly walked in, but you can turn over the dusty years and pick up the civilization of the Silk Road.
At the narrowest point of the Yushan Gorge, there is a famous ancient temple ruins in the history of Chinese Buddhism, YushanXia Shengrong Temple. In the mural caves of Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, there are a large number of early murals from Yushan Shengrong Temple and related content. According to historians, there are Shengrong Temple and Mogao Grottoes.
Yushan is also known as Yurong Mountain and Yugu Mountain in the murals and deposits of more than ten caves in Mogao Grottoes. In the first year of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Gao Sao Liu Saxi went to the Buddha Kingdom on the way, looking at the Yushan Mountain. He predicted that the Yugu Mountain would open, and there would be a Buddha statue appearing in the world, and the world chaos would be missing. Shi Ping would be one in one. This said that there are two murals in the 231 cave of Mogao Grottoes, one is the Buddha statue of St. Rong, and the other is the monk Liu Sayu.
In the third year of the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 522), the thunder and thunder burst, the landslide broke, the valley was opened, and the Buddha statue was seen. In the first year of the Northern Zhou Dynasty (AD 557), it was discovered in the Qilitun of the east of Liangzhou City. The local custom used the first shoulder of the Buddha to move to the Yushan Mountain. The Buddha’s head “goed a few feet away, flying and concealing, no difference.” In the first year of Baoding in the Northern Zhou Dynasty (AD 561), Zhou Wudi Yu Wenzhao ordered the temple to be built in Yushan, and sent the imperial minister Yu Wenzhao to govern the “three thousand artificial temples of Liang, Gan, and Suzhou.” After three years, the work was completed.” In the history of the millennium, the Temple of the Holy Ghost has gradually become a famous temple in Hexi.
Shengrong Temple was originally named Ruixiang Temple. Later, Wudi destroyed the Buddha, the national Buddhist temple, the Taoist temple was destroyed, and the Ruixiang Temple was also burned. At the beginning of the dynasty, Wendi was a good Buddha, and Ruixiang Temple was refurbished. The Emperor of the Sui Dynasty patrolled the mountain, and drove the temple. The royal pen changed its name to the Tongtong Temple, and made the world’s monks write the image of the world and spread it to the world. During the tenth year of the Zhenguan (AD 636), Tang Xuanzhao took the Zen chanting in the temple on the way back to the temple. When the incense was at its peak, he lived in thousands of people. In the second year of Guangde (AD 764), Liangzhou fell, and the Tongtong Temple was renamed Shengrong Temple. In the Yuan Dynasty, Tibetan Buddhism was introduced to the Holy Glory Temple, and the Ming and Qing Dynasties flourished afterwards. In 1953, the temple was demolished and the Buddha’s head was annihilated.
The first temple in Hexi, the Shengrong Temple, which has a history of more than 1,440 years, has been revived and continues to this day. On the mountain peak before the temple, overlooking the holy temple, the temple in front of it has been rebuilt in 10 years. Although the scale of the building and the number of monks can no longer be compared with the same year, it inherits the millennium history of the holy temple and precipitates the millennium culture of the holy temple. It is destined to be heavy and majestic.
▼ Canyon Remains
This long and narrowThe valley has a long history and culture, leaving many ancient relics, dating back to the Neolithic Age, the Qijia Culture Majiawanzi Site, the ancient pottery kiln site, the Northern Weisheng Temple ruins, the Xixia Liuwenwen Stone Carving, Xixiaqian Buddha Pavilion, Shengrong Temple Tower (Size 2), Yuan Dynasty Huada Gate Stone Carving, Yuan Yidu Hu Gaochang Wang Tomb, Hanming Great Wall crossing east and west of Yongchang, and the city barriers along the line, Mingwei General’s Tomb, Sitaizi Temple Site The monuments are still dusty in time.
The remains of the canyon, the most famous of which is the National Key Cultural Relic, Shengrong Temple, the second tower. The tower is named after the temple of the Holy Rong Temple. It was built in the Tang Dynasty and is the earliest existing ancient tower building in Hexi. The two towers stand on the top of the mountain in front of the temple and behind the temple, separated from the mountain gorge. The tower is 16.2 meters high and is a seven-level square. It has a hollow brick structure with murals and text inscriptions. The small tower is a square seven-level brick tower with a height of 4.9 meters and a similar shape to the big tower. Xuan Zang returned from passing through the Shengrong Temple. After a month of returning to the Tang Dynasty, he built a small wild goose pagoda in Xi’an. Shengrong Temple is no longer the same as it used to be, the size of the second tower, but from the Tang Dynasty, standing up to the present.
On the stone wall of the cliff in front of Shengrong Temple, the “six-character rumors” stone inscriptions of Buddhism’s “Mr. The stone inscriptions are “six-body writings”. The first act is Ba Si Ba Wen from top to bottom, the second line is either Mongolian, or the essay, the third act is Xi Xia Wen, and the fourth act is Han Wen. The right side has two lines, the Sanskrit is performed, and the Tibetan language is played, which was initially identified as the Xixia period. On the stone walls of the canyon, the stone carvings appear to be very small. If you don’t look for it, it is easy to miss.
Return from Shengrong Temple, walk along the Yushan Gorge, stand on the edge of the Han and Ming Great Walls, and look at the ruins of the Huamen Gate. The stone gate of Huada Gate is located on the Huamenmen Mountain. It is a site of Tibetan Buddhism stone cliffs in the Xixia, Yuan and Ming dynasties. The mountain is shaped like a sleeping Buddha. The cliff is engraved with 50 tower-shaped Buddhist shrines, which are monks of the Holy Rong Temple. The place where the Tibetan Mastiff is ashes. A ditches that block us from going forward can only look at the flower gates and perceive the Western Xia stone carving art and Buddhist culture.
The Han and Ming Great Walls that have passed through the Yushan Gorge were once the guides of the Silk Road. Nowadays, they have already turned into broken walls and become the remains of civilization on the way to the Silk Road. Yongchang is one of the counties with more Great Walls. It traverses the Great Wall in Yongchang County. It was built in the Han Dynasty and repaired in the Ming Dynasty. It is connected to the Great Wall in the south of Minqin County, and the Great Wall of the Embroidered Temple at the junction of Xidan and Shandan County. Connected, the total length is about 120 kilometers. Did not deliberately traveled along Yongchang along the Great Wall, just in the Yushan Gorge, touching the earth wall, looking back at the soldiers of the iron horse.
Dongzhai buckwheat, harvesting hope in the field
This is the first time I have seen such a magnificent wheat field. It is also the first time I know that Jinchang in the Hexi Corridor, in addition to the absurdity and desolation of the Gobi, has the romance and hope of buckwheat. Dongzhai Town, Yongchang County, Gansu Province, is the “hometown of buckwheat” that is emerging on the Silk Road. When the autumn wind passes, the violent wheat waves are surging, and the air has a taste of harvest.
In the distance, it is the continuous Qilian Mountain, close to it, the buckwheat field that can not be seen at the end. After the stunning, it began to scatter in the buckwheat field, the wind blowing the wheat waves, the buckwheat noodles came and smelled a scent of wheat, although it was a fresh taste, but it was initially touched.
▼The harvest of Qilian Mountain
Native to the Andes Mountains in the South American continent, buckwheat is the main traditional food of the Inca indigenous people. It has a history of 5,000-7,000 years of consumption and planting and is called the “mother of food” by the ancient Incas. Compared with the grain food that is eaten daily, buckwheat is still a strange species for us. When we walk in the wheat fields and listen to the Dongzhai people, we know that what we have neglected is the international nutrition. The “super grain” and “future food” stamped by the family.
Buckwheat is rich in protein and essential amino acids. It is cold-resistant, drought-tolerant, thin, and salt-tolerant. It is called “golden grain”. In the 1980s, NASA discovered the full nutritional value of buckwheat while exploring suitable space foods; the UN Food and Agriculture Organization believes that buckwheat is the only single plant that can basically meet basic human nutrition. The food of demand, the buckwheat is officially recommended as the perfect whole nutritious food for humans.
Yongchang Dongzhai has a high altitude and a large temperature difference between day and night, which is conducive to the accumulation of protein in buckwheat and is a suitable planting area for high quality buckwheat. Since its establishment in Dongzhai in 2016, buckwheat has quickly become a local special crop. At the peak of the planting area of 10,000 mu, it has brought a flaming harvest to Dongzhai. When I came to Dongzhai, it was in the autumn, and the Qilian Mountain was under the fire. It was the most beautiful scenery and the most pleasant harvest.
I couldn’t accompany the buckwheat after the hibernation, and grew up a little bit, and made a bunch of ears of grain, but I could feel the excitement of Dongzhai people in the buckwheat field. That is the buckwheat field they raised with their hands. Now, the red wheat waves are surging, waiting for the harvest.
Continuous Qilian MountainNext, the buckwheat field is also continuous, so much, driving, and not coming to an end. After driving for a long time, I simply changed the way to the Sanbao Company on the edge of the buckwheat field to visit the domestic first-class buckwheat drying, peeling, selection, grading packaging processing production line. The harvest of the new year has not yet begun, the production line has not been running, just through the theory, feel the convenience of modern agriculture; only in the finished goods warehouse, holding the harvest of buckwheat last year, feel the temperature of food.
In the “hometown of buckwheat”, the first time to taste buckwheat, a bowl of buckwheat pumpkin porridge, unique taste, with a touch of nutty fragrance, enough to keep the tip of the tongue. However, it’s more precious, and it’s more nutritious than most grains.
▼ poetry in the wheat field
The autumn buckwheat field is the hope of harvesting and the romance of poetry. Originally, the encounter between buckwheat and Dongzhai was a love that spanned time and space, an ancient one. When the buckwheat came to the Dongzhai of the Hexi Corridor from the South American continent thousands of years ago, it was integrated into the land under the Qilian Mountain. The snow-capped mountains and the sun have become embellished and unforgettable. Only this piece of fire is red.
Because of this flaming smashing, in recent years, a group of tourists, photographers, painters, and poets have poured into the Dongzhai in the fall, or have incorporated this special autumn scene, or recorded such gorgeous colors, or It is to write a first poem. I always thought that poetry is sad, but I don’t know. The bright red is also the color of poetry.
Standing in front of the buckwheat field, I felt the poetry, and I couldn’t stop thinking about it. The poet Hai Zi, if I saw such a buckwheat field, would write a poem. Every buckwheat field is a poem. It must be different from the piece of plain vicissitudes of the land in Haizi’s poems. It has no suffering and pain in the wheat field. Some are just bright and gorgeous, romantic and dream.
Like many species, buckwheat also has its own legend of origin. It is said that a long time ago, buckwheat was the food of God. One day the three gods of the sun god Inti Raymi (the ancient Inca worship the sun god) hunt the camel in the Andes, and fell off the cliff in the process of chasing, a local old farmer Regardless of his life, he was rescued. After returning to the Sun Palace, the three princes told his father about his suffering and being saved. In order to repay the blessing, the sun god sent a god bird named Kullku to buckwheat seeds. He was sent to the old farmhouse, and since then the quinoa has become the most important food for the Andes.
When the buckwheat, which carries the legend of the Inca national culture, is spread over the desolate Gobi in western China, what you see in front of you is not only the erosion of oil painting, the romance of poetry, the hope of the land, but a deeper collision. Collision, about the culture of the nation, about the future of mankind.
Yunzhuang Temple, practicing in the caves
Climb along the mountain road and arrive at Yunzhuang Temple. In the Qilian Mountains, the grottoes of the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the temples built on the hills, the laymen who practiced in the mountains, and the stone Buddha cliffs that could not be seen. Since its inception, Yunzhuang Temple has risen and fallen several times and has been reconstructed or repaired several times. All the temple buildings were destroyed in the 1927 earthquake. A large number of cultural relics such as grotto statues and murals were also lost during the Cultural Revolution. Today’s temples were built by three monks in the original site in recent years, accompanied by empty space. Grotto.
Yunzhuang Temple is located in Qilian Mountain, about 10 kilometers away from Nanba Township, Yongchang County. It is the place where the sacred meditation of Liushao, the sorghum of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. After research and discussion by experts and scholars, the temple was built in the early Jin Dynasty. After the cave was built, the temple was built. The Ming Dynasty was rebuilt in six years. It is a famous Buddhist shrine in the history of Yongchang.
Participated in the construction of the world-famous Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, accurately predicted the Eastern Jin Dynasty sorghum Liu Sayu of the San Rongrui Temple, where the magical Yunzhuang Grottoes were built and the famous Yunzhuang Temple was built. Yunzhuang Grottoes, 21 caves of this size, are distributed under the main peak of Yunzhuang Mountain, a 180-meter-long, 60-meter-high square of the overall stone wall. On the Shifo Cliff, 2.5 km southeast of the Yunzhuang Grottoes, there are 9 large and small caves.
West River, in the pasture
Driving from Jinchang City to the Xidahe Scenic Area on the north slope of Lenglongling, the main peak of Qilian Mountain, the long drive exhausted the spirit of coming, but at the moment of getting off, the blood was resurrected. In the distance is the continuous Qilian Mountain. The front is the ostrich lake at the foot of the snow-capped mountains. The lakeside is the ruins of the ancient ostrich in the Han Dynasty. The lake flows through the valley and the gorge in the valley. It is the virgin forest. A little further forward is the famous Shandan Army Racecourse in history.
Snowy lakes, alpine valleys, Han Dynasty sites, and plateau pastures do not require much description. It is enough to prove that the Xi Dahe Scenic Area is more beautiful than its name.
▼ lake gorge, the scenery at the foot of the snow mountain
Formerly known as Dahekou, Xi Dahe is one of the three major rivers in Jinchang City, originating from the northern foot of Lenglongling in Qilian Mountain. Modern glaciers, snow all year round, melting snow water, through the main tributaries of the source, Wulonggou, 鸾Bigou, Pingyugou, Naoerougou, Gusonglin ditch, from the south to the north after the convergence of the Daheba, said It was the West River and was finally injected into the Xi Dahe Reservoir.
The Xi Dahe Reservoir was built in 1974. On the northeastern edge of the reservoir, there is a natural gorge called the two and a half gorges. The reservoir dam is built at the mouth of the gorge, intercepting the roaring river and forming a green plateau lake. If you don’t look carefully, it’s easy to think of it as a natural sea.
The reservoir actually has a more elegant name, the ostrich lake, but the locals rarely call it that. The ostrich phoenix is far away. The ostrich lake, but under the snow-capped mountains, accompanied by the old city, accompanied by the group of horses, just came, coincided with the wind blowing, the lake rippling, not peaceful.
Stay at the shore of the ostrich lake for a long time, feel the tranquility of the snow-capped lakes, and then walk into the deep and winding Caves. Thousands of kilometers of canyons, dense forests, rivers flowing, high mountains and rocks, thousands of “holes” are spliced together, becoming a beautiful painting. Because of the time, there is no full line crossing, just on the edge of the Grotto Gorge, feel the canyon style.
The name of the Grotto Gorge is not arbitrarily called, but related to the strange landscape of the canyon. According to the local guide, in the grassland of the canyon, there is a trap-like “hole” every few steps. I don’t know the reason for the formation of the hole, but I can vaguely hear the sound of the water flowing through the hole.
▼The old city of ostrich, the nostalgic sunset
On the bank of the ostrich lake, the wreckage of the broken wall seems to be ordinary, but it is the site of the ostrich ancient city built in the ancient county of Yongchang by the Western Han Dynasty. When the sun sets, climb the old city, touch the dust of the millennium, and look at the Qilian Mountain. Naturally, I want to look back at the millennium.
According to legend, when Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the generals of the squadron went to the Hexi, and the Han dynasty set up the county in the west of the Hexi, and sealed the gorge in the cave when the county seat of the Hanyang prairie (now Shandan Army Horse Farm) was built in the Qilian Mountains. There is a mountain like an ostrich wings, and there is a tendency to fly. It is considered to be a place where ostriches live. It is a symbol of good fortune. So the mountain was named the ostrich mountain, and a raft was built under the mountain. Bird City.
“The ostrich phoenix, the sun is far away”, the old city of the ostrich, but still standing in the time, never far away. Today’s ostrich old city, without deliberate protection, just in the most primitive appearance, watching the Qilian Mountain, watching the ostrich lake, also watching the passing of the past.
▼ plateau pasture, horses walking on the dust
Under the Qilian Mountain, on the shore of the ostrich lake, the Shandan Army Horse Farm, the horses are walking on the dust and coming from the depths of the grasslands. It’s just bloody on the prairie. Covering an area of 2192.5 square kilometers, the Shandan Da Ma Ying grassland is not an ordinary horse farm. It is a pilgrimage site for people who love horses.
The Shandan Army Horse Farm has a long history and has been a place of royal horse breeding since ancient times. In the Qin Dynasty, it was the nomadic land of the Moon, and was later occupied by the King of the Huns. In the second year of the Western Han Dynasty Yuancai (121 BC), the generals of the squadron smashed the Huns to the Huns, where they built the city, the sergeants, and the horses. Based on the local horses, they introduced a variety of Western horses and hybridized Shandan. The horse is famous in the world. Later, from the Wei and Jin Dynasties to the Sui and Tang Dynasties, it has always been the royal horse farm. According to history, as many as 100,000 horses were raised during the heyday of the Tang Dynasty. After the change of the dynasty, the fighting was frequent, the racecourse was gradually weakening, and there were only hundreds of horses in the late Qing Dynasty.
In September 1949, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army took over the Shandan Army Racecourse, and the vicissitudes of the military horse farm has since regained its glory. With the arrival of the era of military modernization, cavalry and military horses inevitably faded out of the war stage, and the Shandan Army Racecourse, in the great changes of history, did not move. In recent decades, several generations of military horses have built the Shandan Army Horse Farm into the largest and most famous horse breeding base in Asia.
The Da Maying grassland at the Shandan Junma site is representative of the Qilian Mountain grassland. The terrain is flat and the water and grass are abundant. At this time, the military horse farm is not the most beautiful season, but it is still in the hearts of the people. However, standing in the grassland, I have forgotten everything around me, just looking at the group of horses, I want to look at the horses galloping thousands of years ago in a leisurely pace.
Shandanma is an excellent variety cultivated by local Mongolian horses and ancient western horses. Shandan horse is well-proportioned, strong and strong, and strong and sturdy. Although it is not big, it has excellent performance in riding, squatting and pulling. Especially its excellent endurance and adaptability are outstanding, which is very suitable for long-distance trekking. Today’s Shandan Ma, long ago, does not need to scream on the battlefield, but still does not reduce yesterday’s grace.
Huangcheng grassland, encountering autumn colors on the way
In the Imperial City, meet the snow-capped mountains and lakes, the grasslands and the former site. The imperial city grassland is also known as the “Summer Tara” grassland. The “Summer Tara” means “Golden Grassland” in the Yugu language. It is located in the Huangcheng Town of Sunan Yugu Autonomous County in Zhangye City. Shepherd, once a king of the Huns, Hui people, the Mongolian king of the Yuan Dynasty Kuan Duan Khan pasture.
According to Mongolian historical records, in the 13th century, the Mongolian king Kuan Duan (the descendants were named Yongchang Wang) established a city capital here. The Mongolian name is “Summer Palace”, meaning “Huanggong” and “Yellow City”. Later, it gradually became “Imperial City.” Under the Qilian Mountain, the former site of the Imperial City stands still, and from the sky, the square walls are clearly visible. No one deliberately explored the original site. For a long time, it was only the distant Qilian Mountain and the nearby flock.
In order to protect Qilian Mountain, the Huangcheng Grassland is now open to the public. I couldn’t go deep into the hinterland and slowly walked into the beauty of it. I had to linger near the Huangcheng Reservoir and look at the grassland. Huangcheng Reservoir is located at the eastern end of Sunan County, Huangcheng Basin, Huangchengtan Basin, 48 kilometers away from Yongchang County, and built and managed in Yongchang County. Although it is a reservoir, it has the magnificence of the plateau Pinghu, reflecting the continuous Qilian Mountain.
Returning to Yongchang from the Imperial City Grassland, on the way, stop and go, harvest all the way to autumn. The deciduous leaves in the forest, the flocks grazing in the mountains, the peasants who migrated in the fields and harvested potatoes. This is the most beautiful season in Jinchang, and it is also our most beautiful encounter.
Danba Jilin, looking up at the stars in the desert
From Jinchang Road to Inner Mongolia, look up at the starry sky in the Danba Jilin Desert and keep a sunrise and sunset. The Badain Jaran Desert is located in the western Alxayouqi Banner of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, with a total area of 47,000 square kilometers. It is the third largest desert in China, and its northwestern region has more than 10,000 square kilometers.
Although the Badain Jaran Desert Scenic Area belongs to Inner Mongolia, most people choose to arrive from Jinchang. Jinchang City is about 120 kilometers from the desert and has convenient transportation. It is the best way to enter the Danba Jilin Desert. It is expected that the high-speed line will be completed at the end of 2018, and the distance will be shortened to 90 kilometers by then, which is more convenient.
The Danba Jilin Desert has been rated as the most beautiful desert in China by the National Geographic magazine. Qifeng, Mingsha, Lake, Shenquan and Temple have written the beauty of the Danba Jilin Desert. This trip, without going deep into the hinterland, failed to climb the Bilutusha Mountain, which is known as the “Desert Everest”. It was not able to see the charm of Temple Haizi and Danba Jilin Temple. It was only in Norto, it was already felt. The desert is different.
The desert is a place that is extremely short of water. There are more than 100 lakes and springs in the depths of the Danbajilin Desert. Between the layers of sand dunes, lakes and springs are dotted, making it the most beautiful scenery in the desert. Norto is the largest and deepest lake in the Danube Desert. The lake is reeds and the waterfowl is so easy to forget that it is deep in the desert.
In the evening, look up at the stars in the desert. The night of the desert is cool and soft, and the galaxy of the galaxy hangs over the top of the head. It seems that it will be blown down by the wind. Under the stars, it is the carnival of a group of people, and it is also the loneliness of a person.
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