[The beginning of the cattle] exotic Xinjiang mysterious Western Region

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This travel is longer, it is recommended to read under wifi, local tyrants!
    A detailed travel guide is placed behind Mito.
    
    Copyright Notice
    The copyright of this travel text and all pictures and video works belongs to the author of the article, Rain God Hades. Without the authorization of the person, no individual or organization may copy or reproduce the contents of this article, and I will pursue his legal responsibility. If you need to publish or use it for other commercial purposes, please contact the author to discuss the authorization.
    
    Before coming to Xinjiang, I have been holding excessive prejudice and hostility towards this land. I feel that it is closed and backward, and I feel that it is turbulent. However, when you really walk into this land, you will find that the sights you see with your eyes completely subvert your traditional prejudice and stubbornness.
    
    
    Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang and the farthest city in the world. When I came to Urumqi, there was a strong exotic atmosphere, but it was not as poor and backward as I imagined.
    
    
    
    There are also shopping malls, high-rise buildings and brand chains in the mainland cities. The prices of goods in supermarkets are not higher than those of other cities. The only difference is the architectural style, the people’s race, and the ubiquitous security measures.
    
    
    
    
    This rich Islamic style square is known as the Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar. The Grand Bazaar is a Uighur language market and a farmer’s market.
    
    The Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar is not large and looks like a large yard. The dome at the entrance is a mosque. This tall tower building with a dry raisin shade is the first sightseeing tower in Xinjiang.
    
    The 80-meter-tall sightseeing tower has become a landmark in Urumqi. The first floor is the observation deck, the second floor is the Park Lake bar, the wall of the bar is attached with the “Top Ten Fans of Xinjiang” landscape and the introduction of the ethnic customs in Xinjiang. Here, the wine is in the wind, and the world is vast and modern. Experience the peak life, when the folk music circling and reverberating, it is really a world of desperation!
    
    
    
    It is said to be a big bazaar, but it is completely unfeelable outside. It is a market, and it feels like a square is more suitable. There are many restaurants around the tower, and some restaurants in order to attract tourists, Uighur bands perform from time to time. Many tourists took a group photo here. The band members are very easy-going, don’t charge and don’t refuse, and smile at every visitor who asks for a photo.
    
    
    In the courtyard of the Grand Bazaar, there are several small gates. After entering, there is a rolling ladder. Down to the bottom is the real market. The original Grand Bazaar is underground. Sitting on the elevator, down to the lower level, there is a feeling of being in a foreign country. The Muslim style is more intense here.
    
    
    The best-selling item here is a variety of dried fruit goods. Of course, the most popular among tourists is Xinjiang’s raisins.
    
    
    Many of the raisins sold here are very large, and some are even bigger than a dollar coin. These are not raisins, but raisins. I have tasted a few feelings that are too sweet, sweet to the teeth, it is not taste. It is still true that the normal raisins taste more delicious.
    
    It should be noted that in Xinjiang, all goods that are weight-priced are counted in kilograms, not the one we use. Therefore, the merchant said that 1 kg of raisins more than 100 yuan do not think they are in the shackles, in fact, people are more than 100 kilograms, equal to 2 kilograms.
    
    
    
    Come to Xinjiang, the pouch is a must-have food. Don’t think that the pouch is a dry, hard and tasteless cake. In fact, the good pouch is very soft and very delicious, especially the one that has just been baked. It’s a mouth watering. The bag sold by the Grand Bazaar is not made now. It is suitable for long-term transportation and preservation, and is suitable for tourists to take home. If you want to eat authentic and delicious, you still have to go out to eat.
    
    
    Of course, all kinds of jade, especially Hetian jade, are the treasures of Xinjiang specialties. But I really can’t buy it here, mainly because the jade water is too deep and can’t be penetrated.
    
    
    
    
    In addition to dried fruit, the Grand Bazaar also has a lot of exquisite handicrafts, all with local characteristics. A variety of tambourines and musical instruments are very popular among children, and all kinds of pots, cups and plates are dazzling.
    
    
    Xinjiang people were especially good at using fur to make beautiful boots and garments thousands of years ago. Therefore, the fur industry here has a long history and developed trade. Many knee pads, vests, and blankets are popular. The fur products in the picture look a lot like a civet cat, but actually a relic. This suede leather is delicate and soft, and the hair is thick and smooth, warm and comfortable. You can have one or two pieces with knees, waist pain or rheumatism.
    
    
    Don’t leave the Grand Bazaar, we will go to the famous Hongshan Park in the local area. In Xinjiang, there are many security personnel, whether it is scenic spots or school stations. Even fast hotels or bus stations have strict security checks, and even small supermarkets have to check. Security is a common thing in Urumqi, so everyone must get used to it.
    
    
    Hongshan Park is located in the urban area of ​​Urumqi. It is a small hill that is not tall. Because it has beautiful scenery and overlooks the Urumqi city scenery, it is very famous in the local area.
    
    
    Xinjiang, especially around Urumqi, is a desert in the Gobi Desert. It is a desolate place. In the center of Urumqi, there is such a large mountain, green mountains and green eyes. It is magical and rare.
    
    
    On the middle of the park, there are also large-scale temples. The perspective of the Ferris wheel in the middle of the mountain is also very good. It can overlook the entire city of Urumqi. If you have time, you can take a ride.
    
    
    
    On the viewing platform of the Mid-Levels, you can clearly see the snow-capped mountains and bustling cities in the distance. Urumqi is a very magical place. The city is surrounded by mountains on three sides. It is surrounded by the Gobi Desert. It is surrounded by lush greenery and an oasis. Green trees, cities, snow mountains, these sights are rare. It is no wonder that friends in Xinjiang have recommended me to come to Hongshan Park to see Urumqi.
    
    
    The Hongshan Mountain is composed of purple glutenite and is reddish, hence the name “Hongshan”. According to geological research, Hongshan was born in the Himalayas during the orogenic movement about 80 million years ago. There are rare fossil resources on the mountain, and ancient fossil fossils and fossils resembling human shoe prints dating back 270 million years ago were discovered.
    
    In the overlooking building on the top of the mountain, there is a model and introduction of the geographical indication of the heart. The so-called Asian Heart is the geographical center of the Asian continent, referred to as “Asia Heart”. The geographic center of the Asian continent is located in Baojiazizi Village, Yongfeng Township, Urumqi City, Urumqi. It is 87°19’52” east longitude and 43°40’37” north latitude. It is 26 kilometers away from Urumqi. Our red mountain is very close to Asia Heart. Nearly.
    
    
    Standing on the far floor, you can look far and wide, and the line of sight is completely unobstructed. The semi-circular building in front of the green tree is the Urumqi Railway Station. In fact, it is very close to the Red Mountain, basically separated by a road.
    
    
    This city farthest from the sea is much more prosperous than imagined. Everywhere in the high-rise buildings, the traffic is so busy, the only thing that makes people always spit out is the network here. In 14 years, Xinjiang’s mobile phone 4G signal was turned off, so there are only 2G and 3G signals here, and most of them are mainly 2G, and the Internet is very slow.
    
    
    Half of the city, half of the snowy mountains, this kind of scenery makes people look white!
    
    In the past, under the red tower was the Urumqi River. In 1785 and 1786, the Urumqi River was flooded for two consecutive years. The residents near the Red Mountain suffered heavy losses, so the rumors rose: the Red Mountain and the opposite Yamarik Mountain They are moving closer together. Once the two mountains are connected, the Urumqi River that is going north will be blocked, and Urumqi will become a vast ocean. Therefore, in the 53rd year of Qing Emperor Qianlong (1788), the highest military and political chief of Shangri-La, Urumqi, built a solid brick tower about 10.5 meters high at the top of Hongshan and Yamarik Mountain, named “Zhenlong Pagoda”. “.
    The “Zhenlong Pagoda” of Hongshan is still standing on the mouth of Hongshan Mountain. It is just the Urumqi River running down the cliff. It has long been difficult to trace. It is replaced by a wide road – the rapid rapids (National Road 216).
    
    Hongshan Tower is a blue-grey pavilion-style solid brick tower with a total of nine floors and a height of 10.5 meters. It is beautiful in appearance and quite solid. For more than 200 years, after experiencing the snowstorms and the strong earthquakes, the Hongshan Tower is still intact, standing on the top of the Red Mountain. “Taoying Xieyang” has become one of the famous eight scenic spots in Urumqi. On September 19, 1988, the Urumqi Garden Department painted the tower in red. So far, the Hongshan Tower is the only Qing Dynasty building on the Red Mountain.
    
    Come to Urumqi, you can miss any scenic spot but you must not miss the Xinjiang Museum. After seeing so many famous museums, the Xinjiang Museum is the most impressive, because the exhibits in all the museums are basically gray and without color, and the cultural relics in the Xinjiang Museum have bright colors. They have passed through the millennium, leaving an immortal face, which will make the future generations marvel.
    
    
    The appearance of the Xinjiang Museum is relatively new, but the museum is small in size, and the location is in the urban area. The entrance is the viaduct, which is not very conspicuous. Before entering the museum, it is necessary to go through a strict security check, and liquid drinks cannot be brought in. You don’t need to get a ticket to enter the museum. You can just swipe your ID card.
    
    Xinjiang has been called the Western Region since ancient times. It has always been a major town on the Silk Road and a bridge between Chinese and Western civilizations. In the Western Han Dynasty, there were thirty-six countries in the Western Region. Wusun, Loulan, and Da Yueshi were all well-known Western countries in this period. As early as in the Western Han Dynasty, the Central Plains regime established the Dufu government here to take charge of the Western Region.
    When I came to the Xinjiang Museum, many people were curious to look for information on the ancient country in “Ghost Blowing Lights”. In fact, not only the essence of the country, many elements of the ghost blowing lights have a real source, in the Xinjiang Museum can see a lot of history about them.
    
    Among the many ruins in Xinjiang, two of them are the most mysterious and most famous. One is called Xiaohe Cemetery and the other is called Niya Ruins. After the Xiaohe cemetery was found by Europeans, it disappeared mysteriously for 66 years, and it was not until 2000 that it was discovered again. The Niya ruins were discovered by a large army of shovel. In the desert expedition, Stein lost an engineer shovel. Stein ordered him to return to find, did not want to see some standing trunks in the desert, so he found the Niya ruins known as the ancient city of Pompeii. The Niya ruins, which are familiar to everyone, are actually the ruins of the country. It is perhaps more intuitive and more eye-catching to call the Niya site a fine site.
    
    The fine country is a relatively small city-state in the Western Han Dynasty, located on an oasis on the banks of the Niya River. Mainly based on agriculture, it is the only place where the Silk Road must pass. When the merchants gathered here, they were prosperous and prosperous. In the late Eastern Han Dynasty, the country was merged with the increasingly powerful Shanshan. Later, due to the temperance of the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the capital of the Tang Dynasty was still surviving. It was called Neiyang City, and the Qing Dynasty was called Niya City.
    
    Rain God came to the Xinjiang Museum this time, mainly from the slap-up fabric in the picture. This is a guardian of the Western Han Dynasty, that is, the protective gear that will be tied to the arm to prevent the bowstring from hurting the arm. This cultural relic has a very wonderful name and a very interesting history. The following rain god will introduce it to you in detail.
    This armor is a piece of brocade, called “five stars out of the East and China.” The name of the singularity stems from the wonderful words on the armor. Don’t underestimate this piece of cloth. Friends who like cultural relics should know that there is a “China’s first batch of 64 pieces of cultural relics that cannot be exhibited abroad.” These 64 pieces of cultural relics can be described as treasures of the country. The heaviest instruments of the late mother Wu Ding, Zeng Houyi chime, Qi Jizi white plate, Changxin Palace lamp and so on are all among them. And these 64 pieces are not allowed to go out of the country, and the first place is not the late mother Wu Ding or the Zeng Houyi chime, but this five-star out of the oriental Chinese armor! Why can’t a famous armor occupy the first place, fearing that it will arouse many people’s doubts.
    In 1901, due to the intrusion of Stein, the “Pombe” on the Silk Road in Niyah City was famous for it. In 1988, the scientific investigation of the Sino-Japanese Niya site began. Hundreds of archaeological workers and staff entered the ancient city. In 1995, the King’s room cemetery was discovered and harvested. In the two, the two male and female burial tombs were examined as Two generations of the king’s tomb. The two brocades of the “Five Stars Out of the East” and the “Wang Hou and the Longevity of the Prince” were unearthed as national treasures.
    Among them, the “Five Stars Out of the East” China Han Dynasty brocade armor is a national first-class cultural relics, China’s first batch of cultural relics prohibited from going abroad. Known as one of the greatest discoveries of Chinese archaeology in the 20th century. The “Five Stars Out of the East” China has been exhibiting many times, resulting in a fade in color. The State Administration of Cultural Heritage has stipulated that it can no longer participate in the exhibition, so today only the pictures can be seen without seeing the cultural relics. The original of this brocade is hidden in the Xinjiang Institute of Archaeology.
    
    The text of this band-neck is strange and mysterious. It is said to have originated from the astrological divination. It means that the five planets appear in the eastern sky at the same time in one period. That is, the phenomenon of “five-star lianzhu” or “five-star gathering” is beneficial to the Chinese military. It is said that the “Historical Records” appeared in the “Historical Records”. In the Western Han Dynasty, there were scenes of five-star gatherings. “Tiangong Shu”, “Han Shu”, “Zhang Er Chuan” and “Han Ji” are recorded. It is said that this magical sky appears again. The time is 2040!
    Unearthed with this piece of armor, there are pieces of fabrics from other parts of the film, embroidered with the words “Dang Nanxuan”. Experts say that this can be a smooth passage, that is, “five stars out of the East and China.” The meaning of this sentence can no longer be understood.
    This cultural relic was excavated with the Niya ruins and was unearthed in the tomb of the King. It is really unpredictable to show the sophisticated words on the king’s shoulders with the Han dynasty. In particular, the auspicious words of “Five Stars Out of the East and China” are too strange. It is understandable that such magical objects are ranked at the top of 64 untouchable cultural relics.
    
    
    This red cylindrical stone is a very famous deer stone in Xinjiang. The deer is a symbol of the beauty of the water, and the shape of the stone has the characteristics of reproductive worship.
    According to research, before 2000 BC, there was a ghost country in Xinjiang. The ghost country had a very obvious feature, that is, there was only one eye, and the eyes were in the middle of the forehead. Later, the ghost country died, and the tribes continued to migrate in the direction of Inner Mongolia. The farthest one migrated to the vicinity of Lake Baikal and then gradually disappeared. These deer stones are from the hands of ghost countries. The legend of this ghost country and ghost family may be the prototype of the ghost cave family and eye worship in “Ghost Blowing Lights”.
    
    This kind of sturdy stone statue is called the cut Muercek stone man, the bald eyes are small, wide and squatting, and it looks like the Mongolians look. However, according to expert research, the cut Muercek stone people belong to the remains of bald people, and the bald people are also a part of the ghost country, so the cut Muercek stone people also belong to the remains of the ghost country.
    
    This woolen woven belt was a product of the Eastern Han Dynasty and was unearthed in 1959 at the Niya site in Minfeng County.
    
    Is this the Indian?
    
    The male corpse unearthed from the battalion tomb was dressed in a gorgeous, masked evil face and felt very strange. Although there is no physical display, the beautiful costumes and the strange masks are unforgettable. The man’s body is wearing a 罽(jì) gown, which is the highest craft of brocade, worth thousands of dollars.罽This kind of fabric is made by weaving with heavy weft, so that the fabric has the same pattern on both sides, but the color is different. The front is a red yellow pattern on the front and the yellow pattern on the back. The workmanship is peculiar.
    
    This blue checkered cotton cloth was produced in the Northern Dynasties (420-589) and was unearthed in 1959 at the Tokuyu Salai site in Bachu County. The plaid fabric of more than 1,500 years ago, watching it is not very sensible! The completely modern craftsmanship, such delicate weaving, is incredible.
    
    
    
    These colored pottery figurines are from the tomb of Zhang Xiong. Zhang Xiong is the highest military general of the Gaochang Kingdom, and the official to the right general. Ancestral home in Henan Nanyang White Water. These pottery figurines are exquisitely styled, colorful and well preserved.
    
    
    Many pottery figurines are peculiar and seemingly beast-like. This half-beast is easily reminiscent of the famous Sphinx in Egypt.
    
    This painted pottery is beautiful and gorgeous, and the appearance is complete, especially the color of the painted part is bright and colorful. It is a rare elementary cultural relic of the Tang Dynasty. It is now a national first-class cultural relic. It is the highest level of unearthed cultural relics in Zhang Xiong’s tomb.
    
    
    
    This is the tomb owner – the general corpse of the general Zhang Xiong. In the early years of Zhenguan, Li Shimin’s reunification of the country was imperative, and Zhang Xiongli returned to the Tang Dynasty to maintain unity. However, the Gaochang King Yu Wentai was willing to go his own way. Zhang Xiong repeatedly persuaded him to useless, and he was so angry that he died at the age of 50. The famous Tang dynasty, burly and muscular, his thighs are clearly separated outwards, and the calf is adducted, which is a portrayal of the general’s life. Later, the Tang Dynasty settled the Gaochang rebellion and changed Gaochang to Xizhou, under the direct jurisdiction of the central government. Zhang Xiong’s two sons were all reused by the court.
    
    
    In the last century, a large number of well-preserved corpses were unearthed in Xinjiang, many of which were hidden in the Xinjiang Museum. Come to the Xinjiang Museum, the dead body is a precious cultural relic that must not be missed. In the Xinjiang Museum, there is a separate corpse pavilion, which can be enjoyed.
    
    
    This is the adult female corpse unearthed from the Xiaohe cemetery. Wearing a felt hat, wrapped in felt cloth, light-colored long hair, high nose and deep eye socket, the face is obviously not the face of the Central Plains.
    
    
    In the desert areas of Xinjiang, it is easy to form dry corpses due to drought and little rain. The dry and dry environment has saved the corpses for thousands of years. The famous Xiaohe Princess is the most influential representative. It is a pity that only these pictures are displayed in the important cultural relics. There is no physical object.
    
    The Xiaohe cemetery is located in the Luobu Desert about 60 kilometers south of the lower reaches of the Peacock River in the Lop Nur area, 175 kilometers east of the ancient city of Loulan. The person who discovered the Xiaohe cemetery was the local guide Rob Ordek who led the Swedish great explorer Sven Hedin in 1900 to discover the ancient city of Loulan. Aldext waited for a full 33 years of Sven Hedin, and another major discovery he wanted to tell him was a mysterious site with a thousand coffins. However, the 72-year-old Ordke did not wait for Sven Hedin, but waited for another explorer Bergman. Under the leadership of Ordek, Bergman’s expedition has gone through the hardships to find the Xiaohe cemetery. After a simple excavation, the archaeological work had to be interrupted due to the turmoil at the time. In the next 66 years, the mysterious small river cemetery disappeared.
    In 2000, the Chinese expedition team finally found the Xiaohe cemetery with the map and GPS positioning drawn by Bergman, and unveiled the dusty veil here.
    The biggest feature of the Xiaohe cemetery is the densely arranged tall Populus euphratica trunk, which is a manifestation of the ancient reproductive worship.
    
    
    A large number of well-preserved corpses have been unearthed in the Xiaohe cemetery, especially the Xiaohe Princess is even more amazing. These dead bodies belong to the Indo-European race.
    
    The dead body of this dead child is not very strange, the part of the eye reminds me of the animated film “Ghost Mother”.
    In the Xinjiang Museum, there are many exhibits on dried corpses and textiles, and there are many stories about the cemetery of Xiaohe, the ancient city of Loulan, the site of Niya, and the relics of ancient countries. Although the museum is not large, there are too many cultural relics worth stopping. The story behind the cultural relics is extremely interesting. Have the opportunity to visit the Niya site, have the opportunity to go to Lop Nur to find the Loulan site, look at the Xiaohe cemetery, look for the story of the dusty millennium! Xinjiang is here, she is waiting for you!

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