This travel is longer, it is recommended to read under wifi, local tyrants!
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Datong has been shrouded in the name of coal capital for a long time. Many people only know that there are abundant coal resources and countless local tyrants, but they do not know that Datong is also one of the nine ancient capitals of China. Here is more history than coal. It is more precious than coal.
The Nine Dragon Wall is a symbol of Datong and a microcosm of the glory of Datong. Today’s Nine Dragon Wall, after the flames of war, still stands proudly in front of the world, just like the city, old and still full of vitality, the ancient can still be Nirvana can still bloom Huaguang.
The Nine Dragon Wall is now an extremely precious cultural relic. It is carefully surrounded by the garden and carefully taken care of. Walking on the streets of Datong, the eyes will be attracted by a wall of Wulong Zhao, which is very similar to the Nine Dragon Wall. This wall is the shadow wall of the Shanhua Temple. Although the temple is not as famous as the Nine Dragon Wall, it is also an ancient temple with a very heavy history.
Stepping into the gates of the Shanhua Temple, the eyes will be attracted by the various decorations on the corner. The beauty of Chinese classical architecture is difficult to photograph and difficult to present. However, this small corner is the easiest to stay in the lens.
The Shanhua Temple is located on the central axis of the ancient city of Datong. In the temple, there are Shanmen, Sansheng Temple and Daxiong Hall. The Three Temples is the nave of the Shanhua Temple. If you listen to the name, you will know that the Sanhua is dedicated to it.
The main hall of the temple of Shanhua is majestic. This hall is a Liao Dynasty building. The most rare thing is that it has been war-torn, but it has not been destroyed in the war. The five golden statues that are dedicated to the Daxiong Hall are the true Buddhas of the Liao Dynasty and are extremely precious. It is worthwhile to go to the five-party Jindai Buddha.
When it comes to Shanhua Temple, you have to mention Huayan Temple. Mr. Liang Sicheng wrote in the “Report on the Investigation of Datong Ancient Buildings”: “Datong Ancient Wild Goose Gate, Beiwei Times No. Pingcheng, from the Wudi Emperor’s House, to this place, Xiaowen Emperor moved to Luoyang in the south, where more than 90 years, for the Northern and Southern Dynasties Buddhism One of the art centers…, the name of the Van Gogh Blue, which has been left to the present, has the Huayan Shanhua Temple, which is famous.”
This Liao Dynasty temple has a strong royal background from the beginning of its construction. The early Huayan Temple was a religious building and a temple building.
Step into the four doors, the right hand clock tower. Although the clock tower is tall, but because the temple is large in size and the temple building is towering, this clock tower is often overlooked. The clock tower has a similar proportion of the ancient city model, as well as a variety of Buddhist files display, very beautiful.
Above the walls of Huayan Temple, there are historical murals, most of which are mainly murals during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Many murals are exquisite and wonderful.
The Daxiong Hall of Huayan Temple is located on the high platform and is a typical Liao Dynasty building. There are four stone monuments embedded in the temple wall outside the temple, which is the Yijing monument written by the famous Southern philosopher Zhu Xi.
The tallest building in Huayan Temple, the Huayan Pagoda was restored according to the records in Liao History and Geography. The whole pagoda ground building is mainly made of wood structure, including the total height of 43.5 meters including Tasha. It is a three-storey four-story pure raft structure. Each of the pagodas has three widths and depths, each of which is built according to the construction techniques of the Liao and Jin Dynasties.
The temples of Huayan Temple are well-formed, the houses are patchy, and the greening is more Buddhist and fresh. Every time you walk in Huayan Temple, you will have a feeling of washing your eyes and purifying your soul. The Great Temple has a big virtue, the big temple has an atmosphere, standing on the sturdy pagoda, the giant eyes are far away, the eyes are wide, and the heart is calm.
Walking in the ancient city, the eyes will be attracted by a variety of different but beautiful buildings. Datong is an inclusive city. Different ethnic groups, different religions, and different beliefs are here to blend and develop, and they are compatible with the world!
If you want to know more about the history of Datong and understand the ancient features of the ancient capital, you must come to the Datong Museum for a taste.
Just after the exhibition hall was taken a jump, thinking that there are two python skins standing on the side of the wall. When I walked in, I realized that it was actually wood! This kind of wood is called scale wood and has long since disappeared. Scale wood is the most representative tree in ancient times. It appeared in the Carboniferous (about 355 million years to 295 million years ago), and trees grow together with many tropical swamp plants in tropical swamps to form forests. Scale wood is an important raw material for the formation of coal in the Carboniferous Permian, and it is also the ration of herbivores in ancient times.
The first floor of the Datong Museum is the science exhibition hall. From ancient times, it introduces the past and present of Datong. Through the exhibition, I learned the reason why Datong is rich in coal. I also know that Datong is not only rich in coal, but also rich in dinosaurs and various fossils. In this magical land, there are even fossils of ostrich eggs!
The Sima Jinlong Tomb on the second floor of the museum is the essence of the museum. Ken can mention that Sima Jinlong is not very familiar with everyone, but when it comes to the King, I am afraid that no one knows no one. When Sima Jinlong was in the world, the title was Yu Wang, of course not the one in the TV series.
This group of lacquer screen paintings was unearthed in the 1965 winter in the tomb of the North Wei Sima Jinlong. A total of five wooden lacquer panels are the main part of a lacquer screen. These lacquer paintings have pictures on both sides. The unearthing of the screen lacquer painting made up for the vacancy of the paintings in the early period of the Northern Wei Dynasty. The painting method is similar to the “History of Women” in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. It also has an inheritance relationship with the “The Emperor of the Ancient Emperor”. In addition, the list of lacquer paintings typically reflects the development of Wei Shu in the evolution of Han Li to Tang Yin. The font is round and handsome, and the momentum is sparse. It is a rare northern ink book.
The pottery figurines unearthed from the tomb of Sima Jinlong are numerous and varied. Although the size of each pottery is not very large, the number of such people is also very shocking.
Datong is a place where Buddhism flourishes and prosperous. The statue of the Northern Wei Dynasty is the representative of the beauty of Datong art. Many exquisite Buddha statues from a large temple make visitors very enjoyable.
Serious Buddha statues have seen a lot, and the expressions of various folk life’s joys, sorrows and sorrows are more lively and more interesting. This type of statue is even more numerous in the Datong Mist Museum.
The sarcophagus unearthed in 2014 is a sandstone land with a wood-like structure and a mountain top. The house-shaped sarcophagus is a typical funeral that appeared in the Northern Wei Dynasty and the year before and after. It reflects the shape of the single building in the social life, and is an important material for studying the architecture and funeral customs at that time.
The Datong Museum is a very new museum. Even such a wide exhibition hall is not very abundant for a large number of cultural relics, so many cultural relics here are gathered in a pile!
From bronzes to gold and silverware, countless exquisite daily necessities from the Northern Wei, Liao and Jin Dynasties are also eye-opening. Especially a lot of gold jewelry, complicated Chengdu is simply beyond imagination.
In April 2011, Datong discovered a tomb of a single-chamber mural in Liao Dynasty. The murals are preserved intact and covered with the inner wall of the tomb. The area is about 15 square meters. The production method is painted with white plaster. The mural layout can be divided into three layers from top to bottom according to its content. The upper level is the dome of the tomb, and the painted star map. The middle layer is a wood-like building with a shadow. The lower picture is mainly composed of characters, with the column as the frame, and the picture is divided into four parts. The content mainly depicts the life of the tomb owner and the pommel horse and camel car trip. The vivid content of the paintings and the smooth lines are the reappearances of the social life scenes in the Liao Dynasty, which fully reflects the painting skills and level of the late Liao Dynasty tomb murals.
Remember to enter the museumAt that time, the statue of the ox cart in the lobby and the huge murals on the walls? In the museum, you can find out the origins one by one.
The broken glass of the king’s palace, the artillery weapon of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the last of the exhibition hall, was the last glory of the era and the last fragment.
From ancient times, to the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Liao and Jin Dynasties, and then to the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, along the way, through the thousands of years of Datong. The heavy history and rich cultural heritage make people admire people. Today’s Datong, taking into account the modern prosperity and classical weight, even if the world is the same, the city is still so different!
This travel is longer, it is recommended to read under wifi, local tyrants!