Xinjiang: Winter Tour Kanas, after a Tuva Spring Festival

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Just the Lunar New Year, I miss it!
    This is a wonderful encounter, so that it can’t be relieved for a long time. We can’t let go of the scenery we met, those who can’t let go of our understanding, those who can’t let go of it…
    This New Year, in Xinjiang, winter in Kanas, New Year, I felt a thick Tuva Spring Festival!
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    First, from Urumqi to Altay, pursue that beauty
    Every year in the past, the Spring Festival is basically the same. This time, I spent 10 days with my family at home. I thought that I could drink my family together for a while, so I should go to Xinjiang to spend the New Year with Xinjiang. “poor”…
    
    In the early morning of February 14, it took off from Nanchang Changbei Airport and stopped in Lanzhou to arrive in Urumqi.
    
    
    
    Not as cold as I expected, Urumqi weather is not bad.
    
    At 5 o’clock in the afternoon, the small partners gathered and continued to fly. The destination was Altay.
    
    
    It is obvious that the changes of the sky and the ground landscape can be seen. The weather is fine, the sky is cloudy, the land is snowy, everything is beautiful, and the destination is getting closer.
    
    
    Altay airport is not big, close to 8 o’clock in the evening, the genius is gradually darkening, the time difference with the mainland is very obvious, although it is used in Beijing time.
    
    
    The car sent us to the hotel in Burqin County. It was already 10:30 in the evening. After a short break, I used dinner. Coincidentally, there are two little friends who have birthdays. I feel that you can consider together. Hahaha ……
    
    
    From Urumqi to Altay, meet beautiful, look forward to the next day’s itinerary…
    Second, the year 30, there are scenery, warmth
    February 15th, the New Year’s Eve.
    Our land cruiser departed. Of course, I had a local Kazakh breakfast before departure. It was very satisfying!
    
    
    The Altay region is located at the northern end of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, south of the Altai Mountains, on the banks of the Irtysh River. It is a gorgeous tail feather of the Chinese “rooster”.
    
    
    Altay has one county-level city: Altay City; six counties: Burqin County, Habahe County, Jimunai County, Fuhai County, Fuyun County, Qinghe County, and a Management Committee: Kanas Management Committee Will (quasi-county-level units, currently under the jurisdiction of Burqin).
    
    
    
    The Kanas Scenic Area belongs to the Kanas Management Committee, while the Kanas Scenic Area includes, in a broad sense, Hemu, Baihaba, Wolong Bay, Moon Bay, Kanas Lake and other attractions. In the narrow sense, it mainly refers to Some scenic spots around Kanas Lake.
    
    
    Starting from Burqin County to Hemu, this road is full of scenery.
    
    
    
    Altay is located in the hinterland of Eurasia, with the magnificent Altai Mountains in the north, the Shawuer Mountains in the southwest, and the Junggar Basin in the south. The west is relatively open and has a trumpet shape.
    
    
    The terrain of the whole region is high in the west and low in the east. The hilly plain is high in the east and low in the west. It descends from the northern Altay ridge line to the southern hilly plain, and has obvious step-like topography.
    
    
    
    After a place dotted with trees and surrounded by roads, the car stopped, unconscious.
    
    
    If you have a lot of shutters here, then it must have caught your eye and even walked into your heart.
    
    
    I have been to Tibet, the place where people yearn for heaven. If there is a place that rivals Tibet, then only Xinjiang.
    
    
    The terrain combination of the Altay region is different: in the east of the Ulungu Lake is the “mountain-connected plain”, that is, the Altai Mountains-mountain hill plains, the plains between the two rivers and the plains south of the Wuhe River. To the west is the “two mountains and one valley”, namely the Altai Mountains – the Irtysh Valley – the Sawuer Mountains. In the meantime, there is a Koksen fault block mountain.
    
    
    Captured a fox.
    
    Because of the speed limit, we can better appreciate the scenery along the way.
    
    
    Four hours later, arrived at Hemu and stayed here for the cabin.
    
    
    Very beautiful village, and the light and shadow of this road, is the best gift of this New Year’s Eve!
    
    
    In the direction of the sunset, there is a beautiful peak, like a Kazakh girl with a veil, standing on the west side of the village.
    
    
    The snowmobile took us to the foot of Mount Meifeng.
    Climbing, diving, high-speed posture, snowmobiles are more exciting than the snow projects that I experienced in the northeast, and I have snow flakes.
    
    
    Kazakh children are squatting in the snow, they will be especially good when they are riding horses!
    
    Not afraid of the cold, because the hot snacks and warmth of Kazakh friends’ homes have been opened to us. I caught a super cute and not afraid of people, especially docile.
    
    
    
    Kazakh friends basically sing and invigorate the atmosphere of the whole scene.
    
    
    After using the snacks, take a snowmobile and return to Hemu Village again.
    
    
    Hemu Village belongs to Hemu Township. It is located in Burqin County in the north of Xinjiang. It is close to Mongolia, Russia and Kazakhstan. It is the seat of the township government of Kanas Nationality Township.
    
    
    Hemu Village is one of the famous Tuva villages that is home to the Tuwa people who maintain the most complete national tradition. It is also the only remaining Tuva villages (Hemu Village, Kanas Village and Baihaba). The farthest and largest village in the village, with a total area of ​​3,040 square kilometers, is now a township belonging to Burqin County. The residents are mainly Tuva Mongolian and Kazakh.
    
    
    
    On the Spring Festival of the Mongolian Tuva people, on the first day of the New Year’s Day, they sacrificed their blessings on the snowdrifts. On the previous night (30th), the snow was piled up. At this time, people are working hard.
    
    
    In the evening, snow flakes again, and it is going to be New Year.
    
    
    The Spring Festival Evening was also played on the TV. However, the atmosphere was too strong and completely covered the sound of the TV set. The Kazakh girl jumped up with friends from all over the world.
    
    I was fortunate enough to see the performance of Master Hu Mai…
    Humai is a magical singing art created by the aboriginal people of the Altai Mountains. It has now become the world’s intangible cultural heritage. It uses special sound techniques, and one person sings two voices at the same time to form a rare multi-voice form.
    
    It was followed by the Tuva family’s home visit, which was covered up by enthusiasm and felt the “bone bones” ceremony throughout the journey.
    
    
    The tribe Tuva people living in Kanas and Hemu lived on the prairie for a long time and lived on nomads. Every time the New Year’s Eve is over the old and welcome to the new day, each of the Tuwa people of Hemu will start cooking a pot of meat at noon. There must be a big bone in the back of the cow. After the sunset star came out, several relatives and friends agreed to go to the oldest family in the family to hold the bone-head ceremony.
    
    
    The bones of the bones mean to say goodbye to the past year and welcome the arrival of the New Year. I wish every family and everyone, like bones filled with rich bone marrow, filled with harvest and filled with happiness. After the relatives and friends sat down, the hostess poured a bowl of hot, fragrant milk tea to each person, and the skeletal head ceremony officially began. The old man came to the main room and looked at the portrait of the Panchen in the squatting wall. After returning to the family and friends, he ordered the family to connect the beef hind legs to the bones. Elderly with frontLee’s knife cut a small piece of meat and distributed it to every family and friends present.
    
    Then, the old man let one of the young and powerful Tuva boys use a knife to remove the beef. Then, the old man tied a white Hada to the bones, and then handed the bones to the Panchen portrait again, and blessed the words of good health, beef and horses, and then returned to the young guy to lick the bones. The young guy put his bones on the stump of the meat, raised his axe and smashed his bones, and everyone shouted “Horayi” (prayer for blessing).
    
    After the bones are opened, the noble guests present in the room hold the bones and suck the marrow, then let the elderly suck, and finally take the suction. After the ceremony, friends and family will also drink and eat meat, and bless each other. On a different New Year’s Eve, spend a happy New Year sleepless night.
    Third, horse racing, ascending, feel the taste of the year in ink painting
    On the first day of the Lunar New Year, it is still 8 o’clock in the morning. From the Golden Lotus Hotel where we stayed, we will participate in the Tuva traditional blessing ceremony.
    
    The village is slowly waking up from the beautiful sleep, and our steps are moving forward with the light of the New Year.
    
    
    People came from home and had already set the sacrifices.
    
    The bag is the most sacred and holy place in the hearts of the grassland people. “Shou Bao” Mongolian transliteration, meaning “heap”, so the bag is not the yurt we imagined to live, but the stone heap of the gods (winter will be piled up with snow).
    
    
    The Tuva people in Mongolia have their own way of praying for generations, that is, they pray for blessings, and guests can also go to the bag to pray for peace and smoothness.
    
    
    This is the oldest way of blessing for the Tuva people. They worship and exchange Hada, exchange cigarette butts and other traditional blessings and blessings. I hope that all the next year will be smooth and happy!
    
    There is another wave of snow projects, and the snow circle can still be tried. The speed is not fast, suitable for both young and old.
    
    Yesterday, riding a motorcycle was not addictive, and once again, the result fell into thick snow…
    
    The traditional horse racing ceremony of the Spring Festival begins every year, and the team prepares the horns neatly!
    
    
    The lively snow racecourse is magnificent, and the dogs are also chasing the horses to spin and jump.
    
    
    
    茫茫雪原, the cold weather of minus 20 degrees, the riders, you chase me to fight for the first.
    
    
    The racehorse is also a traditional tradition of the traditional Mongolian Tuva in Kanas and Hemu, which has been a traditional winter horse racing since 2007.
    
    
    This horse race was thrilling and played the spirit of the game. It was also the main sport of winter and spring festival.
    
    
    The dogs are in chaos, a happy and peaceful scene.
    
    In addition to horse racing, there are archery and skiing competitions.
    The archery uses a large bow, which is carried out together with the skiing competition (called the hunting skiing competition).
    
    
    The skiing skateboard is not the same as the ordinary skateboard. It is the ancient snowboard that is unique to the Tuva people who can use the Tuwa.
    
    
    The contestants used their traditional skills of wearing the forests and cross-snows to simulate the thrills and excitement of the mountains and snows by simulating the scenes of the Mongolian Tuva who were known as “the people in the forest and the tribes in the forest”. Let the tourists feast their eyes.
    The second child is crying, and this sense of honor has been cultivated since childhood.
    
    There is also a family of three from the UI, the father and son are professional skiers, have been to ski all over the world, this time of course did not miss the winter of Kanas.
    
    After lunch, take a horse-drawn sledge on the Harden platform and look down on the overall look of the grass.
    
    Halfway through a puppy, we followed us all the way. When we went uphill, we couldn’t move. We stopped and looked at us from afar!
    
    
    The horse-drawn sledge passes through the forest and snowfield, and the scenery is more and more open.
    
    
    
    It can be done without any road, as long as there is ice and snow, you can walk on it. The friction in the ice and snow is small, and it feels like walking in the snow and ice. This is also the characteristic outdoor sports in the local winter. So at this time, “the horse-drawn sledge is faster than the car”, people are laughing and laughing, Ice and snow come to the closest contact.
    
    
    It feels that the horse is tired and hard, and it is hard.
    
    
    Boarded the Harden platform, where you can get an overview of the entire Hemu Village. Every visitor to Hemu will definitely board the Harden platform once to enjoy the view of Hemu.
    
    
    Like a slowly unfolding ink painting, the meaning is lingering…
    
    
    The winter in Hemu Village is really beautiful.
    
    
    In the Kanas scenic area, the Hemu Tuwa village is known as the “self-reserved land in the back garden of God” and has been rated as one of the six most beautiful ancient villages in China. It is truly deserved.
    
    
    Hemu is one of the famous Tuva villages that has maintained the most complete national tradition and is the most famous Tuva village. It is also the only remaining Tuva villages (Hemu Village, Kanas Village and Baihaba). The farthest and largest village in the village, there are more than 1,400 Mongolian Tuva people in the township.
    
    
    Returning from the Harden platform, drinking a cup of coffee in the cafe under the mountain, warming up the body, waiting for the coming of the night, there will be good activities tonight, there will be mysterious characters appearing…
    
    
    On the first day of the new year, it was still a sumptuous dinner. Tonight was a bar at the Kazakh Uncle’s bar. Mysterious characters are about to appear. Everyone is shooting in various ways. It seems that every Kazakh partner is singing very well.
    
    Haha, this is this, Bezhike, China’s good voice student, member of the Wang Feng group, and Mr. Beyk also accompanied a guitar for my song, thank you very much! Teacher Bezhike also said that I am like Wang Feng. It seems that there is really something like it.
    
    
    Coincidentally, there are friends who have a birthday tonight, one of our teammates, Fabio from Italy, happy birthday…
    Fourth, go to Kanas Lake and explore mysterious legends
    Early in the morning of the second day, rushing to Kanas Lake, Kanas is Mongolian, meaning “beautiful and rich, mysterious”, then we will explore the mysterious legend.
    
    
    In the early morning, Hemu Village is quiet and people are still asleep.
    
    
    Along the way, you will pass through Shenxian Bay, you can see the morning fog, continue to take the car to the Moon Bay, you can take the plank road to Wolong Bay. Because we have cars all the way, we all followed the car.
    
    Shenxian Bay is a swamp shoal formed by the Kanas River at a low point in the foothills. Another wonder of the lake is discoloration, which is called “discoloration lake”. In spring and summer, the lake changes color with the seasons and weather. From the beginning of April and May each year to the snow and ice lake in November, the lake has different colors in different seasons. In May, the lake was melted with ice and snow, and the lake was dark and blue-gray. In June, the lake was green with the plants in Zhoushan, showing light green or blue-blue. After July, it was flooding, and the white lake in the upper Baihu Lake was replenished. From turquoise to micro-belt blue-green milky white, very amazing!
    
    
    The lake of Kanas Lake flows into Wolong Bay from the northwest corner of the river bay. The rushing water hits the boulder in the water, the boulder hits the middle stream, and the jade beads splash. Due to the wide open river bay, the flow of the river is slowed down, the surface of the river is floating, the blue is clean, clear and transparent, and the flash is shining.
    
    
    Moon Bay is located about 1 km upstream of Wolong Bay and is an extension of the Wollongong River meander. The Kanas Riverbed forms several half-moon river bays composed of anti-“S” curved meanders. It is called “Moon Bay”. . Moon Bay is back in the valley between the rivers. The water surface is like a mirror. Two small beaches resembling footprints are developed in the upper and lower river bays. It is very strange and is called “the fairy footprint” by the locals. The moon also wants a long blue tie.
    
    
    
    About two hours, arrived at the shores of Kanas Lake. Did not see the water monster, only saw the most beautiful scenery.
    
    
    This is the deepest ice lake in China. It is a mountain lake and an inland freshwater lake located in the deep forests of Altai.
    
    The lake is full of water, like a hot spring!
    
    The scenic spot of Kanas Lake consists of strange natural landscapes such as mountains, rivers, forests, lakes and grasslands, historical and cultural relics such as the Genghis Khan Western Expeditionary Point, ancient rock paintings and the unique folk customs of the Mongolian Tuva.
    
    
    There are several wonders in Kanas Lake. One is the long dry wooden dyke. It is because the driftwood in Kanas Lake is blown by the strong valley wind and floated on the upstream of the lake. The second is the giant in the lake. Water monsters, often dragging horses drinking water by the lake into the water, adding a bit of mystery to Kanas. Some people think that it is a kind of big red fish (Zhe Luozhen) of local specialties. The wonders that are only in the sunny days – the Kanas Yunhai Buddha Light.
    
    
    Kanas Lake in winter is just a pure natural beauty, beautiful and pure, irrelevant!
    
    
    According to legend, a long time ago, Genghis Khan West, through Kanas Lake, saw such a beautiful place, decided to stay here for a while, rest. Genghis Khan drank the lake and won a special thirst quenching. He asked his men what the water was. A clever general replied: “This is Kanauus (Mongolian is the meaning of the water of Khan).” The generals replied in unison: “This is the water of Khan.” Genghis Khan said: “That Just call this lake Kanas.”
    
    
    So in the legend of the Tuva, they are descendants of Genghis Khan. After Genghis Khan’s death, the body sank in the Kanas Lake. The Tuwas, as the pro-Gengs of the Genghis Khan, stayed in Kanas Lake and guarded the Tombs for generations. “Lake Monster” is the “Lake St.” that defends the undead insults of Genghis Khan.
    
    
    
    Kanas Lake was formed by the huge compound valley glaciers in the second Great Ice Age. At that time, the glaciers were several kilometers long and the glaciers were about 200-500 meters thick. The end of the ice tongue was stable at the mouth of the lake and was in equilibrium. Gradually, at the mouth of Kanas, a total of about 1 km high and 50-70 m high is formed by a combination of multi-posted ridges. The outermost one is about 20 meters high and has a curved and convex ridge. The inner side is connected to the lake by a slope.
    
    
    The final ridges are undulating, consisting of a mixture of hailstones, sand and clay. In the later period, due to the warming of the climate, the glaciers quickly retreated and formed the current Kanas Lake.
    
    
    
    The weather is very good this day, in the sun, it feels very warm!
    
    The beauty of Kanas is written between mountains and rivers, embodied in humanity, and integrated into mystery. The beauty of mountains and rivers: majestic glacial snow peaks, mysterious and bizarre mountain lakes, criss-crossing rivers and mountains depicting the faint long-distance landscape of Kanas.
    
    
    The Kanas landscape is from time to time, and it is known from time to time. There are four seasons in a year, and the four seasons are different. However, the winter is more characteristic, the people are less beautiful, and the whole world is in your arms!
    
    
    It has both the beauty of the Northland and the beauty of the mountains and rivers. It is the only cold temperate plant gene bank in the world, and the only extension of Siberian Taigalin in China.
    
    
    Here is the beauty of the text: here is the only settlement of Mongolian Tuva people in China, the original village marked by wooden houses and the surrounding forest grassland. Mongolian Tuva people who have been hunting and nomadic for generations have formed a simple and rich folk customs in a relatively closed natural environment. The living environment where people and nature live in harmony is fascinating.
    
    
    
    There is a mysterious beauty here: for thousands of years, the mystery of the lake monsters in Kanas, the mystery of the Buddha light, the mystery of the lake, the mystery of the underwater forest, the mystery of the dead wood and the mystery of the Tuva people, all the time The heart of the world.
    
    
    
    Like a wolf, screaming in the distance, pursuing a more beautiful future, quiet in Kanas in the winter.
    
    5. Don’t give up, say goodbye.
    After a one-night train, from Beibei to Urumqi, I will soon say goodbye to this trip.
    
    
    Urumqi is very modern. I wanted to go to the museum to see the ancient corpse of Loulan. It is unfortunate that it is just closed, so just go to the street and walk around.
    
    
    
    Urumqi has developed very well in recent years. It is a transportation and communication hub connecting Xinjiang to the north and south and connecting the Chinese mainland with Central and Western Asia and Europe. The second Eurasian Continental Bridge is the gateway to China’s western bridge and China’s opening to the west. It is the comprehensive strength of mainland China. The 16th emerging city is also the largest city in the five Central Asian countries.
    
    
    
    There is still a place in Urumqi that can’t be missed, that is the international bus.
    
    It is the world’s largest Grand Bazaar (Uighur language, meaning market, farmer’s market), integrating Islamic culture, architecture, national commerce, entertainment, catering, is the gathering place and exhibition center of tourism products in Xinjiang, is ” “Window of Xinjiang”, “Window of Central Asia” and “Window of the World”.
    
    
    
    Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar was selected as one of the “Top Ten Architectures” in Urumqi in 2004. It has a strong Islamic architectural style. On the basis of covering the functionality and sense of the times, it reproduces the prosperity of the ancient Silk Road. Rich Western ethnic characteristics and regional culture.
    
    
    The Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar is a symbol of the prosperity of Xinjiang’s business and tourism. It is also a landscape architecture of Urumqi as a minority city and an iconic building.
    
    
    
    The combination of traditional grinding bricks and modern veneering techniques, without the staged architectural language, reflects the changes in space and light and shadow, and reproduces on the basis of the functionality and contemporary sense of modern architecture. The commercial prosperity of the ancient Silk Road, its rich ethnic characteristics and regional culture have a strong affinity for radiation in Central Asia and the Middle East.
    
    
    
    “Bazza” means Arabic “market” and “market”. In countries and regions that believe in Islam, the size of “Baza” is an important symbol of local economic development and market prosperity. Previously, the largest “Baza” in the world was the Istanbul Grand Bazaar in the Republic of Turkey.
    
    
    
    The Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar has a construction area of ​​nearly 100,000 square meters. It has 3,000 ethnic handicraft shops, a 3,000-square-meter square, a national banquet hall that can accommodate 1,000 people, an 80-meter-high sightseeing tower, and an imposing mosque. There are as many as 55 elevators and escalators, not only 9000 square meters more than the Istanbul Grand Bazaar, but also the hardware facilities and cultural atmosphere greatly exceed the Istanbul Grand Bazaar, which is called “the world’s largest Bazaar”.
    
    
    
    I really like the street view of Urumqi. There are police officers at every bus stop. Every time I go to a slightly larger public area, I have to go through the inspection. It is normal for the airport to wait for a large level of security. Very safe.
    
    
    Saying goodbye, not saying goodbye, will definitely come again.
    Xinjiang in winter and Kanas in winter make me feel more at home.
    This New Year is different, after a different Kanas Tuva Spring Festival…

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